About Gas

What are gaseous energies?

Gas is a vital component of Europe’s energy landscape and plays a multifaceted role in supplying energy to homes, businesses, industries and transportation across the continent. As an association that represents the sector in Europe, Eurogas is committed to fostering an understanding of the pivotal role that energy in its various gaseous forms plays in shaping our energy future.

Gas is a versatile fuel. Natural gas occurs naturally underground, formed over millions of years from the decomposition of organic matter. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) can be made by cooling natural gas down until its form changes to liquid. Gaseous energies can also be created through various renewable or low-carbon techniques. Each of these offers distinct advantages and applications.

Natural gas is currently the most widely used form, and can be transported through pipelines or liquified (LNG) for international long-distance transport and storage. Biomethane, produced from upgraded biogas which comes from organic sources like agricultural waste and sewage, offers a renewable alternative to conventional gas, and can be employed in already-existing gaseous infrastructure. Hydrogen is another gaseous energy with a range of applications, which can be carbon neutral when produced with renewable electricity or from natural gas through pyrolysis.

Gas Utilisation for Decarbonising Europe

Gas serves as a cornerstone of Europe’s energy mix, catering to diverse needs ranging from heating and electricity generation to industrial processes and transportation. Its versatility, reliability, and relatively low carbon intensity make it an indispensable energy source, particularly during peak energy demand periods.

Gas plays a crucial role in the transition to a low-carbon future by complementing intermittent renewable energy sources. As one of many solutions in the mix, gaseous energies represent an opportunity to quickly and sustainably decarbonise systems. Furthermore, advancements in renewable gas production, including hydrogen and biomethane, offer promising pathways for achieving our goal of carbon neutrality.

Security of Supply

Ensuring a reliable and resilient energy supply is paramount for Europe’s economic prosperity and societal well-being. Gas infrastructure, including pipelines, storage facilities, and LNG terminals, enhance energy security by providing an energy system that can be utilised by energy from a variety of different sources.